How to Teach your Children to Love Reading
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Ketchum is a pediatric occupational therapist practicing in the neonatal intensive care unit and pediatric out-patient at Central Pennsylvania Rehab Services (CPRS) at the Heart of Lancaster Hospital. Also certified in newborn massage and instructing yoga to children with special needs, Ketchum is the owner/operator of Aimee’s Babies LLC, a child development company. Through Aimee’s Babies, Ketchum has published 3 DVDs and 9 apps which have been featured on the Rachael Ray Show and Iphone Essentials Magazine. Ketchum is one of the five finalists in the National Word Gap Challenge through the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She will compete against 4 other large organizations and Universities in March 2017 in the finals of the Word Gap Challenge.
Ketchum has been working in pediatrics for 18 years and is currently pursuing her doctorate at Philadelphia University. Ketchum lives in Lititz, PA with her husband and two daughters and enjoys running marathons and half-marathons and directing elementary school musicals in her spare time.
Studies show that early reading and language skills are a strong predictor of future literacy and academic skills. To love reading is truly a gift and can be fostered by parents and caregivers!
Reading to your baby is a beautiful way to bond with your baby before they even understand language. Research tells us that babies hear mommy’s voice resonating through her body while they are still in utero and babies show familiarity to mommy’s voice when they are just one day old. These are great reasons to start reading to your baby before they are even born. When parents begin to read to babies before they are even born, they begin the habit and it becomes easier to integrate reading into the routine.
After babies are born, they benefit from having books read to them as newborns. Even before babies can converge their eyes to look at pictures or have any understanding of words, babies are benefiting from being read to because they are listening and starting to form a foundation for their own language.
As babies get older and are able to sit up and attend to books, you can practice a few strategies to make books and reading more interactive and exciting to babies.
- Provide babies with board books and plastic books that they can put in their mouths and explore and be comfortable with from a very young age.
- Read your baby interactive books that encourage sensory exploration such as lift the flap books and tactile books with textures to feel. Encourage your baby to reach out and look under the flaps and touch each texture and talk about how it feels. Is the bunny soft or rough? Is the frog smooth or bumpy?
As you read to your child, pause between pages to ask questions.
- Through questions you can determine how much your child is comprehending. Ask they who is riding on the train and why. Ask them how the puppy got locked out and see how your child interprets the story.
- As you read to your child, pause to talk about feelings and emotions. Ask them questions such as, is the boy happy or sad? Why is he sad?
- As you read to your child, relate the story to him and his life. Say something like, this boy lost his balloon up in the sky. Do you remember when you lost your balloon? How did that make you feel? Why were you sad? Does he look sad? How can you tell that he is sad?
Encourage your child to read to you.
- Even if your child does not know how to read, they probably have a few books memorized. By reciting the book back to you, or narrating what they see in the picture, they are “reading” and this is a great skill. Encourage this because it stimulates their imagination and sense of self and confidence. Praise them for reading to you and make it a habit.
- Model reading books to your child and a stuffed animal and then encourage your child to read the same book to the stuffed animal while you cook dinner. This challenges your child’s memory and story-telling skills and is great for her literacy and grammar.
- Set an example by reading your own books infront of your child. Allow her to see you reading a book and briefly tell her what your book is about. Read the newspaper or magazines infront of her and mention what you read.
Read aloud from your own books, magazines and newspapers.
- Even if your child is too young to understand the content, hearing your voice and the rhythm of your reading is building those important brain connections for new learning.
- As your child gets older, make books together. Make photo books and come up with captions together. Write a story together and have your child illustrate it.
- Make up stories and tell them to your child and encourage your child to tell you stories. This encourages a love of story-telling. Talk about how a story should have a beginning, a middle, and an end.
As your child gets ready to go to preschool or kindergarten and works on his own reading skills, you can encourage literacy and letter recognition at home.
- Write sight words on postcards and hang them around the house on the items they represent.
- Ask your child to read words on signs, billboards, cereal boxes and magazine articles.
- Talk about sounds that letters make.
- Talk about interesting things you read that day and ask your child if she read anything interesting.
- Sign your child up for story time at a library or recreation center.
- Stress the importance of reading by asking your child what book their teacher read to her that day. Ask her about plot points, characters, and ask her how the book ends.
Reading is a life skill that starts at birth or earlier.
It is cultivated by parents who understand the value and make it a priority every day. Most libraries allow children to get their first library card at age four or five and taking a child to the library to pick out their own books is very empowering for the child. Make reading a priority in your house and give your child the gift of the love of reading!