Teaching Kindness to Your Child

Happy mother embracing her small son at home, while boy is looking at camera.

Teaching Kindness to Your Child

Many parents believe that kindness comes naturally to young children. We assume that our child will be kind because we say “be kind” but kindness is not an innate skill. Teaching kindness is a skill you need to be intentional about practicing.

Practicing Kindness with Young Babies

We do know that children seem to show an innate sense of empathy at a very early age. Empathy requires not only the emotional component, but an intellectual component as well. Studies show that babies as young as a few days old demonstrate the emotional component of empathy by mirroring facial expressions and crying when other babies cry. Studies also show that when babies are made to feel safe, secure and loved by caregivers, they become more sensitive to others’ emotions and needs. This is part of why early bonding and attachment is so important.

Teaching Kindness to Toddlers

As children get closer to 24 months, the intellectual component of empathy comes into play. Toddlers begin to realize that other people have different feelings, emotions, wants and desires different from their own. They begin to understand that others have different experiences and likes and dislikes as well. A good example of this is when a one-year-old sees a child get hurt, that one-year-old might offer the hurt child their stuffed animal or comfort item. They recognize that the child is hurt and needs comfort. When a two-year-old sees another child get hurt, they will go and get that child’s stuffed animal or comfort item, realizing that that child has different thoughts and likes.

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Teaching by Example

If this does not come naturally, children can learn these empathetic skills by watching how we react in situations. Does your toddler see you using eye contact, nodding and smiling while talking to her and other people? See you offering help and support to others? Does she see you using a caring approach with her and other people you interact with? She will adopt the same responses that you use in social situations to demonstrate empathy. By modeling positive behaviors, you are teaching kindness by teaching her how to respond to other people.

The Power of Empathy

This sense of empathy lays the foundation for kindness, but empathy is innate and can be characterized as an emotion while kindness is an action and it needs to be taught.

Some studies have found that very young infants respond to kindness long before they are able to practice it themselves. In one study, three-month-old babies were more drawn to nice puppets verses mean puppets.

Cultivating a Culture of Kindness

You can start to lay the foundation for teaching kindness at a very young age. Point out emotions when you see them. If a child is crying, say “that boy is sad.” While reading a book say, “this puppy is happy because he found his friend,” or “this boy is sad because he lost his balloon.” Make it relate to your child by saying, “has that ever happened to you? How did you feel?” Children will be more aware of other’s emotions if they are in touch with their own.

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It is also important to note that kindness requires courage. Because it is an action, the child needs to feel safe and secure before they are able to demonstrate kindness to others. Beyond modeling kindness and talking through situations, provide lots of opportunities for your child to practice kindness. Kindness requires a lot of practice. Try to take advantage of volunteer opportunities with your child. Deliver Meals on Wheels or bake cookies for an elderly neighbor. Have your child help you rake leaves or shovel snow for a friend. Bring your child to volunteer at church, a soup kitchen or an organization that does hands-on service for others. Talk to your child about what you are doing and why. Before playdates, discuss how your child will find opportunities to be kind, the language they will use and why kindness is important.

During dinner conversations start a ritual of each family member reporting an act of kindness they did that day (even if it is just smiling at someone or holding a door open). This will keep kindness in the forefront of your child’s mind, so they always have something to report during dinner. Make sure to discuss how showing kindness makes your child feel. Praise your child for being kind. Make sure your child knows that kindness is a trait that is respectful and that you are proud of them.

About the Author /

Dr. Aimee Ketchum is a pediatric occupational therapist and has been working in pediatrics for 20 years. Ketchum works in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at UPMC Pinnacle Hospital and lives in Lancaster, Pennsylvania with her husband and two daughters. Ketchum is also the owner/operator of Aimee’s Babies LLC, a child development company.

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I'm seriously needing some of these things tonight to start a new week. Hoping you mamas get some self care time too! 💕⁠
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Instagram post 18073051357163780 When it comes to clamping the cord, our mottos is "what's the rush?" The blood volume in the placenta and cord at the time of birth is BABY'S blood. It's simply mid-circulation in the placenta at the time of birth. It just makes sense to leave it be and let it finish its job.⁠
No, the blood won't drain out of baby and go backwards into the placenta.⁠
No, your baby is not more likely to get sick from jaundice.⁠
Yes, your baby will still be getting oxygen while they figure out breathing, especially important if they need resuscitation.⁠
Yes, your baby will have better iron levels for the first year of their life.⁠
Look at how thick and engorged this cord still is at 4 and 18 minutes after baby was born. Just imagine how much blood baby would have lost if the cord had been clamped immediately, or at 60 seconds, 90 seconds, or 3 minutes! The placenta was expelled immediately before the 18 minute photo was taken. The pulse in the cord could still be felt even AFTER THE PLACENTA HAD BEEN DELIVERED! The cord was finally clamped and cut more than an hour after birth at 73 minutes. ❤️⁠
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Instagram post 17852562805720320 Loneliness is a real thing in new motherhood and I want to be sure we talk about this. It's okay to say, "I feel lonely." We normalize one another's experiences when we share the reality of our journey. It can be so isolating when we bring our small human home and our lives revolve around his/her care. We feel detached from the outside world. The monotony of new motherhood can be heavy.⁠
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Here are some tips to combat isolation:⁠
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1️⃣ Get outside when possible.⁠
2️⃣ Video chat with friends/family.⁠
3️⃣ Join a virtual group.⁠
4️⃣ Invite someone to come over.⁠
5️⃣ Find a local mom's group.⁠
6️⃣ Listen to the radio or a podcast (it's interesting how this can make us feel connected with others)⁠
7️⃣ Run an errand--even grabbing a coffee via drive-thru can feel good.⁠
8️⃣ Get to know your neighbors.⁠
What would you add to the list?⁠
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