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Whether you have decided that you want a natural birth, a medicated birth, a home birth, a birth center birth, or a hospital birth, every single expectant mother needs to have some tools to keep herself comfortable while in labor. Even if it’s just for the early labor part. (FYI, hospitals won’t admit you until you are in active labor. You’re on your own in the beginning.) This is why it’s so important to know what natural pain relief options are available to you to keep yourself as relaxed and comfortable as possible so you don’t rush to the hospital too early. Some of these are very obvious options and others are not. Here are 20 natural pain relief options available to you during labor.
I’ve said this many times before and I’ll say it again, touch is incredibly powerful to the human mind and body. We have seen through studies that women who received physical touch–such as massage–compared to women that didn’t during labor had 56% fewer c-sections; an 85% reduction in the use of epidural anesthesia; 70% fewer forceps deliveries; 61% decrease in the use of oxytocin; a 25% shorter duration of labor; and a 58% drop in neonatal hospitalization. (1) That is amazing. Touch releases oxytocin, the love hormone so it can help relieve stress and fear for the laboring mom. It also helps turn off your pain receptors when in labor so you don’t feel as much pain as you would’ve without it. I honestly can’t recommend massage enough.
Essential oils have been used during labor for centuries. Some have proven to be beneficial during labor to help relax the laboring woman, relieve stress, act as a uterine tonic, stimulate circulation, and much more.
Here are some oils that you can use during labor that have proven to be helpful:
- Lavender – This is the one of the most popular oils used in labor. This can help with relaxation and promote calmness. The oil is also a painkiller that stimulates circulation and healing and may strengthen contractions.
- Clary sage – This oil is one that we use to strengthen contractions. (Make sure that you avoid it during pregnancy before baby’s due date.) It’s also a great oil for reducing anxiety.
- Geranium – Helps breathing and boosts circulation.
- Peppermint – Helps with nausea and headaches.
- Chamomile – Soothing and calming, helps to reduce tensions and anxiety.
- Neroli – Calms and reassures as well as helps relax. Is also a powerful anti-depressant.
- Bergamot – An uplifting and refreshing oil.
- Jasmine – Acts as a painkiller. Also known to strengthen contractions and can be used in a compress to aid delivery of the placenta.
- Marjoram – Aids breathing and can help to lower blood pressure. It is also an effective pain reliever.
3. Cold & Hot Compresses
Both cold packs and hot packs can be used to reduce pain and increase comfort during labor and childbirth. Here’s how:
- Place a cold washcloth on the face, neck, and upper chest. This helps to refresh and relax the laboring mom.
- If she is experiencing nausea, place a cold washcloth across the back of the neck to help reduce the sensation.
- Place a cold pack on the lower back can help with back labor or back pain.
- Have ice packs after the birth to place on the perineum immediately after the birth. This will help reduce swelling.
- Warm, wet towels, a hot pack, a hot water bottle, or heating pad placed below the pregnant abdomen provides comfort in labor.
- Right before pushing, place a warm, wet washcloth on the perineum to reduce perineal discomfort and encourage softening and stretching of the perineal tissues in preparation for birth.
- A hot water bottle or hot pack can be applied to the back for back pain during labor.
- After birth, during breastfeeding it helps to have a warm pack or a heating pad on the belly to help alleviate the cramping sensation when the uterus is shrinking back to its original size. (2)
Hydrotherapy is the use of water for physical or psychological benefits. It is something that all women enjoy once they are in labor. The shower and tub are both wonderful. Here are some of the physiological and psychological benefits:
- Ease of movement with greater mobility due to buoyancy (when in the tub)
- Relaxation during and between contractions
- Safe and effective pain management
- Reduction of blood pressure
- A sense of control as the mother occupies her warm, private space
- Can help with cervical dilation
Music is a wonderful tool when it comes to pain management. It helps distract the woman from pain and can create a relaxing experience. When music is playing it helps a laboring woman breathe rhythmically with the music. It also gives her something to focus on rather than focusing on the contractions. Distraction is key when in labor.
6. Focused Breathing
Hopefully during your childbirth class your instructor will talk about breathing patterns in labor. Breathing can help you focus and work with each contraction. Here are some benefits of practicing patterned breathing:
- The mother remains in a more relaxed state and will respond more positively to the onset of pain.
- The steady rhythm of breathing is calming during labor.
- Provides a sense of well being and control.
- Increased oxygen provides more strength and energy for both the mother and baby.
- Brings purpose to each contraction, making contractions more productive. (3)
7. Counter pressure
This is something that the majority of laboring women enjoy since it relieves back labor and other area-specific discomfort. How do you do it? You apply heavy pressure on painful areas of the lower back or area that is feeling the contraction.
8. Acupressure or Reflexology
Acupressure is something that we use to relieve pain and increase contractions among other things. It’s non-invasive and does not produce any of the undesirable or potentially harmful side-effects that pharmacological pain relief can. By applying pressure on specific points with your fingers, elbows, palms, or blunt-tipped instruments you can treat a variety of conditions. Obviously the main goal of acupressure is to relieve pain and discomfort, but it can also be used to help babies descend and engage, dilate the mother’s cervix, induce labor, and strengthen contractions in slow, non-progressive labors. It can also be used to alleviate nausea, combat fatigue in protracted labour and assist posterior positioned babies to turn to an optimal anterior position for easier birth.
9. Focal Point
A great coping technique for labor is to have and look at a focal point. One of the wonderful things about focal points is that you don’t have to practice using them. When contractions get intense, you just look at something and focus on it–maybe a crack in the wall, a button on your support person’s shirt, or even one of your ultrasound pictures. The reason focal points work to deal with pain is because of the Gate Control Theory. Basically, the brain processes the information you’re seeing leaving less brain activity to process the pain you are experiencing. Since your brain’s not processing the pain, you’ll feel less of it.
The opposite of using a focal point is using visual imagery. It’s a highly-effective labor pain management technique. It’s when you close your eyes and imagine a relaxing place—a sunny beach, a fireside, a bubbling brook, or a pristine lake surrounded by mountains. Use some pictures from favorite vacation spots to help you transport your mind there. Other things laboring women can visualize are: their cervix opening, their baby descending into the birth canal, or their breath as it enters and exits the body.
11. Position Changes
There are many benefits to changing positions throughout labor. Different positions can aid the progress of labor and reduce pain sensations by increasing the pelvic opening. Staying in one position for too long can stall the labor progress and make the contractions more painful over time. So make sure that you are changing your position every 30 minutes or at the longest every hour.
When we experience pain or discomfort, it’s normal to use our voices to help with the pain. For example, we all make noises when we stub our toe. Vocalization is a powerful tool. A birthing woman may choose to moan, softly sing, chant, or grunt. She needs to follow her body and know that making sounds is good, it’s natural, and it helps. No apologies necessary.
This may sound silly, but hypnotherapy can be a fantastic tool during labor. With a little practice throughout pregnancy, women can learn the process of becoming deeply relaxed and free of fear so the uterine muscles can work with minimal pain. Classes, videos, and audio tapes help women learn a conditioned reflex in which they are able to create their own state of profound mental relaxation, physical relaxation, and concentration all by themselves. Two different options available are Hypnobabies and Hypnobirthing.
14. Birth Doula
Women not only need information to have a better birthing experience, but they also need physical and emotional support. Studies have shown that women supported by other women–a doula–experience more positive, less complicated births and report more satisfaction with their birth experiences. They also show less use of interventions during birthing and quicker recoveries.
15. Dimmed Lights
The majority of women go into labor in the middle of the night. This is no accident. Our melatonin levels are increase at night and allow our bodies to relax and begin labor. When we are exposed to light in labor, it has been shown to slow contractions, or even stop them altogether. A study at the University of Florida found that shining blue green light in a pregnant woman’s eyes at night–like staring at a phone screen or computer screen–will suppress contractions. (4) Turn the lights out and you will be more comfortable and it will help your labor progress.
16. TENS Unit
TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) therapy has been around for years and is a tool that women have used during labor as a natural pain reliever to keep comfortable. It’s a small, hand-held machine that uses a mild and painless electrical currents to relieve pain. It’s most commonly used for reducing back pain. If you are interested in getting one, you can find one here for $40.
17. Birth Ball and/or Peanut Ball
A birth ball is simply an exercise ball. The birth ball comforts and strengthens your lower back when sitting on it. Your pelvis is also better supported and symmetrical which provides more comfort to the laboring women.
A peanut ball is an exercise or therapy ball that is shaped like a peanut. During a recent study, they found three noticeable benefits in women who used a peanut ball during labor: it shortens labors, it shortens the pushing phase and it has helped reduce the amount of c-sections.
Women become tired in labor and sometimes need to sit down or lie down. A birth ball or a peanut ball can help them do just that, but remain comfortable and help the labor progress.
18. Eat and Drink
For years, women have not been allow to eat or drink fluids during labor. Some hospitals are continuing this today. But a new study by the American Society of Anesthesiologists suggests that this may not be a good thing. The study now shows most healthy women would benefit from a light meal during labor. They concluded that moms in labor need the same kind of energy and calories as marathon runners. Shocking! You are working so hard and you need the fuel to continue and remain strong and comfortable. When you don’t have that fuel it can actually reduce your contractions which then leads to a longer labor. So have light snacks and fluids to keep your energy up.
19. Use the Restroom
Using the restroom and emptying your bladder not only will help you feel more comfortable, but it will also make sure that your bladder is not holding your baby’s head up from pressing on your cervix and helping you dilate. Having an empty bladder will allow you to progress better. Going number two is also a good thing! It’s clearing everything out and making room for a baby to get through. Also squatting on a toilet and relaxing your bottom is a great thing for every mama in labor.
20. Walk or Move
It’s extremely uncomfortable for a laboring woman to remain still while experiencing true labor contractions. The more that you walk and move around and are upright during labor, the more that you are encouraging your baby to descend into the birth canal and keep yourself as comfortable as possible throughout the process. So get up out of that bed and move!
Birch E. 1986. The experience of touch received during labor. J Nurse Midwifery 31(6): 270–76.