The Covid-19 pandemic has affected lives all over the world. But for pregnant women, this can make a stressful situation even harder to deal with. Did you know that depression and anxiety are the most common problems women face during pregnancy? Add the worries of a pandemic to the mix and you have a lot of women feeling distressed about pregnancy during Covid-19. Here’s what you need to know about emotional well-being in pregnancy and some tips on how to calm your nerves during these challenging times.
Why are Pregnancy Anxiety, Depression, and High-Stress Important?
You may wonder what the big deal is on pregnancy anxiety, depression, and stress. My research team and I have found that:
- Up to 80% of women who struggle with postpartum depression had symptoms that could have been detected first in pregnancy.
- When women have high stress during pregnancy, it tends to carry on through the year after delivery and beyond. Without support, many women continue to have high levels of stress…for a long time. While we think that stress is normal (and it is), high stress that becomes hard to manage increases women’s risk for anxiety and depression.
- Prenatal anxiety and depression can continue for years – over 20 years based on recent research of over 3000 Australian women.1
For every five women who struggle with anxiety or depression, one will continue to have symptoms throughout her life. Under normal circumstances, some women are at greater risk than others. For example, if they have experienced anxiety or depression before – or have a lot of stress that goes on for weeks or months.
Pregnancy During COVID-19
But these are unusual times and everyone is affected by the challenges Covid-19 has brought. For most of us . . .
Our daily routines are changing.
Our favorite places are closed.
We are social distancing.
We are working from home.
Some of us have lost our jobs.
We are adapting to multiple roles – juggling childcare, homeschooling, work, caring for other family members, and trying to fight off feelings of social isolation.
We are all called to adapt to ‘our new normal.’
For pregnant women during Covid-19, the virus can raise unique questions and stress. What is supposed to be a joyful time has become filled with uncertainty and fear.
Taking Action to Calm Your Nerves
Getting answers and being prepared can help calm your nerves about some questions surrounding your pregnancy during Covid-19. Sometimes the best thing you can do for your mental health is to do something about it. Doing something helps return a sense of control and can help you find the answers you need to move forward.
If you are anxious, talk with your healthcare provider. They can give you information relevant to your community and calm your fears with information.
Preparing for a Hospital Birth
- Talk with your healthcare provider about any changes that may have arisen. For example, ask how many visitors can be with you while you deliver your baby.
- Consider creative ways that friends and family can celebrate and support you by using technology such as video conferencing on Skype, Zoom, or FaceTime.
- Talk with your partner/birth support person about the possibility of them not being by your side during birth. Pack an extra phone charger in your bag.
- Consider asking if staff are comfortable giving their consent to having photographs taken during your birthing process to share with family who couldn’t be with you due to hospital restrictions. One of the biggest ways to prevent or reduce anxiety or depression in pregnancy and postpartum is through relationships – support from partners, close family, and friends.
- Reframe the situation – which is likely requiring you to rethink your birthing plans unexpectedly. Instead of dwelling on the negative side, focus on some of the positives of limited visitors, such as the intimacy you and your partner can experience.
Know the Facts
- During pregnancy, a woman’s body undergoes changes that may increase her risk of illnesses like the flu. Currently, there isn’t enough evidence to suggest pregnant women are at greater risk for developing more severe symptoms related to the coronavirus.2 We also know that so far, it seems that Covid-19 does not transmit from a pregnant woman to her unborn baby.3
- Consider limiting the amount of news you access. Stay informed – but don’t fixate on the news. Watch for news that sensationalizes the current situation by using inflammatory words. Be wise about your news consumption.
- Realize that medical staff and researchers worldwide are working hard at learning how to fight the virus and develop a vaccine. Several clinical trials are already underway.
- Healthcare providers update policies and work around the clock to ensure they are prepared to help you. (See ‘COVID-19: Suggestions for the care of the perinatal population (here),’ from the Canadian Association of Perinatal and Women’s Health Nurses. Although guidelines may vary based on where you are located, many of these guidelines are sound and helpful).
Make use of trustworthy pregnancy resources.
- While some hospitals have canceled in-person birth classes, others have moved theirs online. Taking a birth class can help you gain valuable information, expand your social support network by connecting with other pregnant women, and put the focus back on the joy of welcoming a newborn into your family.
- Use pregnancy resource lists that can support you to be emotionally healthy and build resilience – especially amid this challenging time. This resource and the pregnancy resource page are a great start.
Be kind to yourself.
When worry gets too much, it becomes anxiety. And worrying about your pregnancy during Covid-19 is easy to do. Learn to identify the physical signs of anxiety, such as muscle tension and aches, restlessness, difficulty concentrating, sleep problems, and fatigue. Try reducing your anxiety by . . .
- Staying connected. Try to do activities involving other people and help you stay connected. We are social beings and thrive when we feel a sense of connection – this is true even for introverts! Try to keep in touch from a distance. Use various technologies like WhatsApp messaging to stay in touch with another pregnant friend, online cell phone games that you can play with colleagues, role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons, or even watching movies with relatives who are also social distancing.
- Practice determining if your worries are real or hypothetical (worst-case scenario catastrophizing). For example, real problem worries may be, “My baby’s due date is in two weeks and I need to find out how my birth plan may be affected.” Hypothetical worries may be, “What if I run out of toilet paper and I can’t find any in the stores?” If you catch your mind focusing on a hypothetical worry, you can press pause on that and focus on something else – a real problem you can solve.
- The battle of anxiety is won (or lost) in the mind. While you can’t control the Covid-19 situation, you can control your mind. A good habit is to identify when you are focusing on a worry and flip it around to a point of gratitude. It’s tough at first, but it will get easier as you begin to use new brain pathways. Imagine if you came away from the Covid-19 situation with a healthier brain!
- Be gentle with yourself. Feeling like you’re still adjusting to your new routine is okay. It’s okay to feel a variety of emotions. It’s okay to feel like you don’t ‘have it all together’ with your new routine just yet. Take it slow. Designate ‘no Covid-19 conversation’ times with a friend or your partner to support each other and take a mental break.
- Remember the helpers and the kindness you see around you to gain perspective. Together we can flatten the curve with social distancing, but out of these hard times come extraordinary stories of ordinary people stepping up to help each other.
- Community ‘care-mongering’ groups are ready to help you get groceries. Many people in the arts, both on an individual and organizational level, are offering their talents or opening their archives, virtual museum, and zoo doors to bring some much-needed brightness into the world right now. Many of these arts and culture initiatives can also keep little ones entertained and calm.
- Connect with family and friends who don’t sensationalize the news but can offer genuine support.
Whether you are at the beginning of your pregnancy journey, mid-way, about to give birth, or have a newborn, this is a strange and difficult time. But we see you and we see you being brave.