After the initial congratulations for your pregnancy confirmation appointment, your doctor may hand you a pamphlet or quickly go over everything you can and can’t eat while pregnant. With the whirlwind of finding out you’re having a baby, the excitement of seeing that baby on the ultrasound, and all the other information thrown at you, it’s likely that this information doesn’t quite stick.
There are many different opinions and approaches to eating while pregnant. Some women may be so sick that all they can eat is toast in their first trimester. In contrast, other women may have weird cravings and eat pickles dipped in peanut butter (it happens!). Regardless of your appetite and cravings, there are certain foods you should avoid throughout your pregnancy.
Things You Shouldn’t Eat While Pregnant
Raw or Undercooked Meat
Protein from meat is essential to help a growing baby. But it’s important to be careful about how that meat is cooked. Avoid raw meats entirely, and ensure that any meat you order is fully cooked. Unfortunately, this means that you can no longer order that steak medium rare or enjoy a tartare of any kind. Most restaurants are good about this, but it never hurts to double-check. When cooking at home, aim for a temperature of 165° F for chicken, 160° F for ground meat, and 145° F for whole cuts.
One of the most common no-no’s in pregnancy is deli meats and hot dogs. Deli meat has a high chance of containing listeria, which can be extremely dangerous to a growing baby. If you are craving a turkey sub, ask them to heat it for you or heat the meat in your microwave when you get home.
Seafood High in Mercury
- bigeye tuna
- king mackerel
- orange roughy
Canned tuna does contain mercury, but the amounts are small enough that the American Pregnancy Association recommends eating it in moderation, about once per month.
Pregnant women should also avoid raw and undercooked seafood, including sushi, raw oysters, scallops, and clams. Instead of your usual spicy tuna roll, opt for a cooked roll like shrimp tempura. Smoked salmon, lox or nova, should also be avoided.
Vegetables: Raw Sprouts
Veggies are great during pregnancy. And if you can stomach them, the more, the better! The only thing to watch out for with vegetables is how they are washed. You likely don’t need to worry about popular restaurants, which have guidelines to follow about washing their produce. But if you are washing them at home, be sure to be thorough about it. Veggies can carry bacteria that can pass to you if not washed correctly.
As for avoiding, there is only one type of vegetable you should take off the menu completely: raw sprouts. Steer clear of alfalfa sprouts, clover, and radish.
You’ll hear this word a lot when looking at things you can’t eat during pregnancy. Unpasteurized items have a higher risk of containing harmful bacteria like listeria or E. coli. When an item is pasteurized, it kills those bacteria, making it safe for pregnant women to consume. The most common things to watch out for are soft cheeses such as brie, feta, and queso fresco. If these items are labeled as pasteurized, enjoy them! But always be sure to triple-check the label or ask the waiter before indulging.
You should also avoid fresh squeezed and unpasteurized juices. If you can’t go without your fresh-squeezed morning beverage, boil it for at least one minute before enjoying it.
Raw or Undercooked Eggs
Eggs that have not been thoroughly cooked, whether by themselves or as part of a sauce or dish, should be avoided during pregnancy. Many of our favorite dishes use raw egg, so try to avoid:
- raw cookie or brownie batter
- Caesar dressing that is not pasteurized
- eggs benedict
- hollandaise sauce
When making a casserole or egg-based dish at home, ensure the temperature reaches 160° F.
Don’t worry. Caffeine is allowed—just in moderation! If you are used to your double shot of espresso twice a day, you may want to limit that intake. The general rule is to stick to less than 200mg of caffeine a day, including sodas and chocolate.
While most of the above items have a “go around” like heating it or cooking it differently, there is no moderation for alcohol. The rule across the board is to avoid alcohol altogether. If you crave a glass of wine a few times during pregnancy, consult with your doctor before taking a sip.
While it may seem like many rules, don’t let yourself stress too much about what you can and can’t eat during pregnancy. Avoid the things above and try to keep a healthy diet, but remember: you are already the perfect mother to your baby, whether you just had veggies and rice for dinner or ordered a large pizza (for yourself).