Breastmilk: Nature's Perfect Food for Baby - Baby Chick

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Breastmilk: Nature’s Perfect Food for Baby

breastfeedingUpdated January 28, 2022

by Ali Miller

Registered Dietitian

Medically reviewed by Ashley Derderian Sousa

Labor & Delivery Nurse and Lactation Consultant


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Most moms know that breastfeeding and its benefits are intimately connected to cognitive development, growth and weight gain of the baby, and immune system resilience. In the last decade, formula companies have continued to work to mimic nature’s perfect food: breastmilk. This form of “nature’s gold” produced by a mother for her child provides the perfect balance of macronutrients (carbs, protein, fats) along with micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). It’s the perfect substance to support optimal development and growth. However, recent research indicates that breastmilk is far more important to a child’s immune system than initially thought.

Baby formula companies have started to add probiotics to their products to help provide colonizing bacteria to support the GI health of formula-fed babies. However, we continue to see that these compounds are less effective than those produced by nature. Breastmilk, it turns out, also provides important compounds beyond probiotics. Research recently discovered specific biological immunoglobulins, some of which shift in response to the baby’s needs in a 24-72 hr period (1)! This study demonstrated that breastmilk changes its very composition in response to the infection of the baby. Researchers believe that the mother’s body (through the breast) detects infection through the infant’s saliva. The mother’s immune system then aids in response by providing breastmilk richer in immune-supporting compounds to help baby ward off that specific bacteria or virus (1).

WOW! I thought this was amazing . . . so even pumping breastmilk for my baby would be inferior to breastfeeding as the milk my body produces is responsive to my baby’s need!

The Vital First 3 Days of Breastfeeding

As you may be familiar, the most essential compounds in milk are often delivered through the colostrum. This is the breastmilk produced in the first 3 days of a baby’s life. The colostrum differs from advanced breastmilk. It is richer in fat and immune-boosting compounds that line the intestines, respiratory tract, and skin as a barrier to protect the body against invaders. These compounds set up the first line of defense for the baby’s immune system that will lay out his immunological response in years to come!

Although natural and superior to formula . . . breastfeeding is not easy!

I strongly encourage breastfeeding for the first year to promote optimal health and development in your baby. Even though most mothers’ intentions to do so may be strong, statistics show many busy moms give up. While 79% of mothers breastfeed after birth exiting the hospital, only 49% are still nursing six months later, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Below are 5 tips to stay committed to breastfeeding and ensure successful latch and production!

5 Tips for Successful Breastfeeding

1. Relax!

Stress is the number one cause of reduction in the production of breastmilk which can drive continued frustration. When starting the feeding process, taking deep breaths will help you to connect to baby. It will also allow your baby to feel less overwhelmed at your likely lactating breast. This allows a more controlled swallow on your baby’s part and will promote a successful pace on both ends. Even when baby is stressed or having difficulty latching, don’t force their head onto your nipple. Instead, try allowing baby to rest on your chest while you consciously breathe deeply. Baby will “crawl” on your chest to the nipple when he is ready, and you will not feel that you are battling him in the process.

2. Get a deep latch!

A deep latch is key for preventing nipple pain and irritation while promoting healthy milk production. When getting started with feeding, you may apply pressure on baby’s chin with your fingertip to encourage baby to open his mouth deeper. Also, you may place your hand behind your nipple and grasp your breast to provide a mouthful for baby if your nipples tend to be flatter. If your breast is engorged, it may only allow a shallow latch, leading to nipple irritation and pain. In this case, try pumping or manually expressing some milk to allow more fluidity in your breast and make it easier to achieve a deeper latch. Be sure to observe a deep latch feed through a friend who has success with breastfeeding or watch a video to understand the latch and deep swallow vs. shallow guppy-like feeding.

3. Hold off on nipple alternatives until after 6 weeks!

Although a pacifier may be welcomed support in those first couple of weeks with sleepless nights, try to avoid it! Providing a synthetic nipple can cause nipple confusion which can result in breast protest or difficulty with feeding.

4. Don’t over pump!

Feed your baby, not the freezer! Although there may be a peace of mind with your freezer full of breastmilk to aid with your return to work, know that over-pumping continues to create over-production. This can lead to clogged ducts and mastitis. Be mindful that your baby is the best calibrator for optimal production. So as best as you can, allow for direct breastfeeding. Also, it is not uncommon for babies to eat skimpy when mom is away and make up for the lost time when she returns from work. As noted above, this is to your benefit, and baby may need those direct immunoglobulins to support optimal health.

5. Let it flow!

Prevent engorged breasts by taking warm showers, massaging breast tissue, and wearing a supportive nursing bra that is not too tight or restrictive. Use coconut oil to protect nipples and prevent mastitis with its natural antifungal compounds. Wash breasts daily, and if experiencing cracking or nipple pain, consider a saltwater soak. Take 1-2 tsp sea salt in 6 oz hot water and soak a washcloth. Squeeze washcloth over nipple and breast while leaning over a sink and then rinse with warm water before feeding again. Although when in pain, the idea of giving baby a bottle may seem dreamy, know that breastfeeding is often the best solution to the problem, and baby will be the best vehicle for removing backup or blockage. When feeding, consider manually massaging breast in areas of density to aid in release and flow.

You got this, ladies! Stay present and focused on the greater good, and with relaxation, you will prevail!

Riskin A, Almog M, Peri R, Halasz K, Srugo I, Kessel A. Changes in immunomodulatory constituents of human milk in response to active infection in the nursing infant. Pediatr. Res. 71(2), 220–225 (2012).


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