Breastfeeding vs. Pumping: Pros and Cons - Baby Chick

Breastfeeding vs. Pumping: Pros and Cons

Choosing whether you want to bottle feed or breastfeed is an important decision. Here are the pros and cons of breastfeeding vs. pumping.

Published November 23, 2021

by Ashley Derderian Sousa

Labor & Delivery Nurse, BSN, RN, IBCLC

There are so many decisions to make when parenthood starts knocking on your door. Who should I pick as our baby’s pediatrician? Who will watch the baby when I go back to work? Am I ready for this? Of course, questions about how to feed your baby will also cross your mind. Will you exclusively breastfeed? Will you exclusively pump? Or will you do a combination of the two? Will you formula feed? Often, mothers have an idea of how they wish to feed their baby, and this decision may be easy. However, for others, breastfeeding vs. pumping may be one of the hardest decisions they make as new mothers.

Breastfeeding vs. Pumping

Studies show that 83.2% of mamas start their journey exclusively breastfeeding. For some, the breastfeeding journey may be easy and work best. For others, it may be difficult or doesn’t fit with their lifestyle, and that’s okay. As a lactation consultant and mama, I spend a lot of time encouraging my clients to do what works best for them and their families! In the first few weeks of parenthood, you may be navigating this feeding space and asking yourself, “What will work best for us?”

When it comes to breastfeeding vs. pumping, there are a variety of options. You may be wondering what the pros and cons are of each. Some mamas prefer breastfeeding over pumping, and other families find that exclusive pumping is best for them. Again, taking the time to decide what works best for you and your baby is what I always recommend. Hopefully, I can help you determine the pros and cons of breastfeeding vs. pumping!


The Pros

  1. It’s Free! – Well, your time is not free, but breastfeeding saves you money! Once established, breastfeeding can be easy and, of course, free and available everywhere you go.
  2. Less Mess – It will also be less messy, meaning no need to clean and sanitize bottles and pump parts, which can be a nuisance of exclusive pumping.
  3. Bonding Time – As a breastfeeding mama, I have to say one of the biggest pros of exclusive breastfeeding is the bonding time that it allowed me to have with my daughter. Breastfeeding for one year will take up about 1,860 hours of your time (crazy, yes, I know).
  4. Magic Milk – Shockingly, another benefit of exclusive breastfeeding is that your breastmilk will change to match your baby’s needs! Meaning if your baby is sick, her saliva will cause your breastmilk to adjust and provide the necessary antibodies that the baby needs to help respond to the specific virus or bacteria that they have been exposed to. Pretty incredible, right?
  5. It’s Quicker – Your baby will most likely empty your breasts better and faster than any pump will, especially as they get older. So you may find that exclusive breastfeeding sometimes tends to be a bit quicker.
  6. Less to Pack – When out with baby, you won’t have to worry about your pump parts, bottles, and more! All you need for feeding your baby are just your boobs, which means forgetting your baby’s food is impossible! It’s also nice that there are fewer things in your diaper bag you have to carry.
  7. Milk Regulation – Your baby will also help regulate your breastmilk supply. Breastfeeding is based on a supply and demand system. Meaning during extensive growth periods, your baby will eat more often and likely take more, and in turn, your body will make more breastmilk. And when the baby takes less, your body will produce less milk.
  8. No Wait Time – Whenever your baby is hungry, their meal is always ready! You don’t have to prepare a bottle and warm up your milk. This is especially helpful when your baby wants to eat immediately and for nighttime feedings too.
  9. Feel-Good Hormones – Breastfeeding also releases hormones that can improve relaxation, bonding and help soothe mama and baby.

The Cons

  1. Learning Curve – Even though breastfeeding is natural, it doesn’t always come naturally. It’s a learned skill for both mama and baby that requires time, patience, and practice. It can be challenging as you work through the hurdles, which can be discouraging. This is why I recommend working with a lactation consultant those first few days or weeks with your little one to help you have a good start.
  2. Interruptions – Because of how time-consuming breastfeeding can be, sometimes it will feel like you are pulled away from other things you think you need to get done. Similarly, if the baby is hungry, it means you have to drop whatever you’re doing and feed them! Having these kinds of daily interruptions can be challenging for many moms.
  3. Lack of Freedom – Breastfeeding mamas may find it hard to step away from their baby for long periods. Going to the grocery store or a doctor’s appointment, or even on a date night, may not be feasible for exclusively breastfeeding moms.
  4. More Difficult in Public – Mothers can legally breastfeed in public in every state, but some mothers are not as comfortable. This can make feeding your baby more challenging since you may have to nurse your baby in a bathroom, or find a private room, use a nursing cover, or breastfeed in the car, etc.
  5. Unknown Consumption – Of course, with breastfeeding, you don’t always know exactly how much the baby is taking with each feeding. For some, this can cause worry and concern, especially for moms with low supply issues.
  6. It Can Be Painful – Working through painful latches, sleepless nights, and engorged breasts can be rough. For some, breastfeeding issues are easily worked through. However, for others, those first few weeks can make you second guess your thoughts on breastfeeding!
  7. Just Say No – When exclusively breastfeeding, you may have to avoid certain beverages, medications, and foods at certain times of the day and night if your baby is up and eating around the clock.
  8. No Help – If you are exclusively breastfeeding your baby, you are the only one who can feed your little one for every single feeding morning, noon, and night. It can be difficult for some not to get a break or some extra sleep.


The Pros

  1. More Flexibility and Freedom – Pumping allows you to pump on your own schedule and provide you with more flexibility and freedom.
  2. Others Can Help – It will also allow others to step in and provide your baby with feedings and allow you time to step out of the house or rest!
  3. Precise Measurements – One benefit of giving bottles is you always know what your baby is taking in. For many moms, this can provide them with added peace and comfort.
  4. ComfortabilityExclusive pumping can be a bit more comfortable in those early weeks when latching can be painful and difficult!
  5. Monitor Your Milk – You will know if your milk supply has changed because you will likely have an idea of how much you usually pump at specific points of the day. This can also give some mamas some peace of mind.
  6. Create a Storage Supply – Exclusive pumping may allow some mamas to help boost their breast milk storage supply. Sometimes you may pump more than the baby can take in a feeding which you can then save for later feedings.

The Cons

  1. Clean-Up Required – As mentioned above, pumping can require quite a clean-up. There are a lot of pump and bottle parts that need disinfecting every day.
  2. Let Downs May Suffer – Some mamas experience fluctuations in milk supply throughout the day. They may have trouble with “let downs.” Understandably, this can cause some anxiety.
  3. It Can Get Expensive – Pumping can also get expensive. Personal or wearable breast pumps, breast pump part replacements, milk storage bags, and bottles can get pricey! Know, however, that your insurance will likely cover a basic model breast pump. I always recommend reaching out to them before your baby is born to learn about your options.
  4. Hooking Up Can Be a Hassle – It can be a hassle to hook yourself up to a pump every 2-3 hours for months on end, especially if you have a hungry baby on your hands.
  5. More to Pack – If you have to leave the house, you have to bring more than just your pump. You will need to bring the pump parts, bottles, ice packs, cooler, extra milk, and milk storage containers. It can be a lot to remember and carry.
  6. Lack of Immune Boost – Exclusive pumping typically doesn’t allow your body to detect when baby is sick and may have fewer immune system benefits.
  7. Lack of Privacy – Finding a private space to pump can sometimes cause problems, especially when out and about or socializing.
  8. Fridge & Freezer Get Full – Finding appropriate space for milk storage can sometimes be a challenge for exclusive pumping mamas, especially if they have an abundant supply.

As you can see, there are many pros and cons to breastfeeding vs. pumping. As someone who has done both, I know that feeding a baby can be very time-consuming and exhausting, no matter how you do it. However, doing what feels comfortable for you is always best! Sometimes it may take a couple of weeks or even months to get to a point where you feel confident and well-adjusted to your feeding techniques. Don’t be afraid to reach out for help if you think you need it. Your local board-certified lactation consultant is always a great resource!

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Ashley Derderian Sousa Labor & Delivery Nurse, BSN, RN, IBCLC
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Ashley Derderian Sousa, RN, IBCLC, is a registered nurse and a board-certified lactation consultant with 12 years of experience, spending the past 8 of those years providing care as a… Read more

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