What Parents Need to Know about Baby Product Safety Standards
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What Parents Need to Know about Baby Product Safety Standards

It can be overwhelming to raise a baby in a world full of product recalls! Here is what you should know about baby product safety standards.

Updated April 8, 2024

by The PediPals

Board-Certified Pediatricians

It should be enough to carry, birth, feed, love, and grow a baby, but that’s just the beginning in this day and age. Most parents are also worried about ensuring that the products they buy for their babies are safe, especially in a world full of new gadgets (not to mention the many product recalls!). Furthermore, all babies are different and have different needs. Parents can quickly become overwhelmed with all the advice sources and decisions to make. So, how can you know if your baby products are safe for your particular baby?

Baby Product Safety Standards: What You Should Know

Here are some ways to ensure you use the best, safest products for your baby.

Talk to Your Pediatrician

As a first resource, consider talking to your pediatrician about products, including baby soaps and lotions, formula brands, laundry detergents or dryer sheets, and baby bottles and nipples. From personal experience, pediatricians tend to have a lot of knowledge about these products. They can give you evidence-based, scientific information combined with the experience of seeing the effects of products on babies over the years.

Do Your Recall Research

Start with the website Kids in Danger, which tracks defective products. When possible, buy stuff approved by the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association. Finally, you can check to see if a toy has been recalled by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) on their recall page. You also can sign up to get news about the most up-to-date toy recalls. The United States CPSC is an independent agency of the United States government. It seeks to promote consumer products’ safety by addressing “unreasonable risks” of injury, developing uniform safety standards, and researching product-related illness and injury.

Make Sure Your Toys Are Safe

It’s important to know that the CPSC closely monitors and regulates toys. Any toys made in or imported into the United States after 1995 must follow their standards.

Now that you know how to check what is safe and what is not, how do you pick a toy? A simple trip to any store will reveal a formidable variety of stuffed animals, toy figurines, games—you name it! Here are some general guidelines to keep in mind when shopping for toys to help you pick the safest options for your family.

Safe Toys Standards:

  1. Fabric toys should be labeled as flame-resistant or flame-retardant. Painted toys and products must use lead-free paint. Lead can be toxic to infants and babies (especially since they tend to put everything in their mouths). Art materials should say nontoxic.
  2. Crayons and paints should have the label ASTM D-4236 on the package, which means that they have been evaluated by the American Society for Testing and Materials.
  3. Steer clear of older toys, even hand-me-downs from friends and family you should carefully review. These might not meet current safety standards.
  4. Always read labels to ensure a toy is suitable for a child’s age. Guidelines published by the CPSC and other groups can help you make those buying decisions.
  5. Consider your child’s temperament, habits, and behavior when buying a new toy.
  6. Manufacturers follow guidelines and label most new toys for specific age groups. However, the most important thing a parent can do — especially for younger children — is supervise them while playing.

Tips for Buying Safe Toys

As kids are fond of placing many things in their mouths, including toys, it is also important to follow these rules when considering certain toys:

  • Always follow all manufacturers’ age recommendations. Some toys have small parts that can cause choking, so heed all warnings on a toy’s packaging.
  • Toys should be large enough to prevent swallowing or lodgement in the windpipe. That typically means at least 1.25 inches in diameter and 2.25 inches in length.
  • Avoid marbles, coins, balls, and games with balls that are 1.75 inches (4.4 centimeters) in diameter or less because they can become lodged in the throat above the windpipe and cause trouble with breathing.
  • Battery-operated toys should have battery cases secured with screws so that kids cannot pry them open. Batteries and battery fluid pose serious risks, including choking, internal bleeding, and chemical burns.
  • When checking a toy for safety, ensure it’s unbreakable and strong enough to withstand chewing.

Selecting your baby products can be confusing and overwhelming, especially with all the new fancy gadgets and features. Things change so rapidly today that even waiting a few years between kids can make it feel like you’re in a brand-new consumer world! But one overriding consideration must never be compromised when choosing baby products, whether buying, borrowing, or accepting a hand-me-down: your baby’s safety. Keep these baby product safety tips in mind as you navigate the world of consumerism in parenting.

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Dr. Ana Pal and Dr. Samira Hodges, aka "The PediPals", are best friends and board-certified pediatricians who live in Texas. They have known each other since residency and have worked… Read more

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