Attending preschool can be a really integral part of your child’s development for a number of reasons. Whether your child attends preschool as part of their child care facility or goes to a traditional preschool for two to four hours per day, they will learn skills that will give them strong building blocks for all of their future learning.
Research tells us that a child’s foundation in learning depends on the quality of the relationships with the people who care for them in the first five years. It is a huge step for a three or four-year-old to spend a few hours a day away from mom and dad learning new skills. Especially because many of these skills are difficult to teach at home.
According to the census, there is an estimated 6 million children enrolled in childcare in America. So it is really important that quality care and programs are in place when children’s brains are developing at the fastest rate of their entire lives. The time between newborn and age five represents the time in a child’s life when their brain has the most plasticity and the ability to learn the most new skills. This is a critical period in early childhood development.
Four Skills Children Learn at a Quality Preschool
Certainly, children can learn their colors, letters and numbers at home from mom and dad. However, there are skills that children learn at preschool that even the most well-intentioned parents cannot teach at home. This is simply because of the nature of the preschool environment. These “soft skills,” as we sometimes call them are often the most important skills that children come to kindergarten possessing. Let’s take a closer look at some of these skills and why they are so critical for future learning.
1. Turn-Taking/Relationship Building
Turn taking is one of those skills that has to be learned in the right environment. You can practice turn taking at home by playing games. But practicing this skill with unfamiliar teachers and friends who are the same age as your child is a whole different experience. Children will learn to modulate their own emotions as they consider the needs of others. This does not come naturally with interactions with mom and dad and siblings.
Turn taking is a really important skill for kindergarten. Children need to have the ability to take turns all day long in kindergarten. This skill requires self-control, respect for others, and delayed gratification. Children need to take turns during play, while talking and interacting, and waiting for the teacher’s attention. This is something that can really only be taught through real life practice.
Look for a preschool environment where teachers create a lot of healthy interpersonal interactions. The interactions that children have with their early teachers can set the tone for interactions and promoting positive attitudes about teachers and school in general throughout their entire academic career.
2. Age Appropriate Skills
According to the NAEYC, high quality early education programs utilize evidence-based curriculums that are developmentally, culturally, and social-emotionally age-appropriate and relevant. It is very important that children are met where they are on their developmental spectrum. This helps with later skills building on previously mastered skills. Quality preschools base their curriculum on early learning standards for each state to ensure that each child is on track to master all of the kindergarten readiness skills in a timely manner.
The preschool setting is a great place to learn resilience because of all the social interactions, opportunity for risk-taking, coping skills, and problem solving. Having the opportunity to practice all of these skills in a supportive, age-appropriate environment with other same-age peers is really important and a key ingredient in early child development.
The preschool setting is also great for young children to experience many emotions and witness other children experiencing a variety of emotions. This helps to teach social-emotional skills and empathy. It is important that a quality preschool has teachers that take the time to discuss and process emotions that children feel and demonstrate during the day. It is also helpful if parents discuss this with children when they get home. Think about asking your child questions such as:
- “Were any of your friends happy today?”
- “Was anyone sad? Why do you think they were sad? How did you know she was sad?”
- “Did you do anything to cheer her up?”
This starts important discussions about emotions and relationships. It also builds your child’s sense of empathy for others.
Learning happens everywhere. These skills can certainly be taught at home and in other environments to an extent. However, learning these skills may come easier for your child in a quality preschool setting.