5 Key Ingredients of Healthy Brain Development

5 Key Ingredients of Healthy Brain Development | Baby Chick

By Aimee Ketchum

Pediatric Occupational Therapist

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Ketchum is a pediatric occupational therapist practicing in the neonatal intensive care unit and pediatric out-patient at Central Pennsylvania Rehab Services (CPRS) at the Heart of Lancaster Hospital. Also certified in newborn massage and instructing yoga to children with special needs, Ketchum is the owner/operator of Aimee’s Babies LLC, a child development company. Through Aimee’s Babies, Ketchum has published 3 DVDs and 9 apps which have been featured on the Rachael Ray Show and Iphone Essentials Magazine. Ketchum is one of the five finalists in the National Word Gap Challenge through the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. She will compete against 4 other large organizations and Universities in March 2017 in the finals of the Word Gap Challenge.

Ketchum has been working in pediatrics for 18 years and is currently pursuing her doctorate at Philadelphia University. Ketchum lives in Lititz, PA with her husband and two daughters and enjoys running marathons and half-marathons and directing elementary school musicals in her spare time.

The Harvard University Center on the Developing Child has found that babies brains make over one million new connections per second! That is so many new connections that their brain will literally double in weight in the first year.

There are many concepts that go into healthy brain development, but there are five key ingredients that play an important role in the growing brain and the relationship between the baby and the parent. Relationships are critical because relationships between baby and caregiver create the foundation for the baby’s emotional development and mental health. According to Zero to Three, the key ingredients are:


1. Relationships

Research on healthy attachment tells us that a strong positive relationship with at least one care-giver is essential for healthy brain development. When children feel safe and secure in their attachment with a caregiver, they are free to go off and explore with confidence and know that if they need the caregiver they are there for them. This builds self-confidence and self-esteem from a very early age. You can build a healthy relationship with your baby by bonding through skin on skin contact. Baby massage is great for this. The strokes encourage bonding and attachment. You can also make eye contact and talk to you baby often to form a healthy relationship. Holding your baby in a sling or vertical carrier so they are close is a great way to bond as well.

2. Responsive Caregiving

When the parent or caregiver uses responsive interactions, the child is in the lead and the parent responds to what the child is interested in. If the child reaches for a ball, the parent comments on the ball how the child is playing with the ball. Responsive interactions are back-and-forth interactions between the parent and child and are really important in early communication. Babies begin to understand this back-and-forth communication as early as three weeks! Practice this by talking to your baby all day long and watching her cues. When she looks toward the dog, comment on the dog, when she reaches toward a toy, hand her that toy and explain what it is.

3. Respect

By showing respect to babies and treating them as individuals who have value and meaning, we lay the foundation for their own self-respect. Practice this by telling your baby what you are doing before you do it, for example, “I am going to change your diaper now.” You can ask your baby yes or no questions, such as “Do you want a bath?” even if they are too young to answer. You can maintain eye contact and explain things going on in your baby’s world.


4. Routines

Routines make your baby’s life predictable and the use of routines helps to build brain connections that support memory and organization. Also, routines build a sense of safety and security in young children. Parents can build routines around bedtime, morning, mealtimes and playtime. Songs and nursery rhymes help to create routines. When babies hear the clean-up song they know playtime is coming to an end.

5. Repetition

Babies’ brains are able to establish connections in response to what they see, hear, smell, taste, and experience. When experiences are repeated, the brain connections grow stronger. When babies hear the same stories or songs over and over again, the brain connections fire off again and again, making them stronger and stronger. You can help build connections stronger by intentionally creating repetition. Play the same games and fingerplays, sing the same songs, tell the same stories, read the same books over and over. We repeat to remember.

Babies’ brain connections are forming at an unbelievable rate, and it is so exciting to know there are things we can do to optimize this early development for a lifetime of new learning and good mental health.


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